+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE. – Volume 17, Issue 46, May 7, 2019.

+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE.
– Volume 17, Issue 46, May 7, 2019.

An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web
design and development.

++ISSUE 46 CONTENTS.

SECTION ONE: New references.
What’s new at the Web Design Reference site?
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/
New links in these categories:

01: ACCESSIBILITY.
02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.
03: COLOR.
04: EVALUATION & TESTING.
05: EVENTS.
06: HTML.
07: JAVASCRIPT.
08: MISCELLANEOUS.
09: TYPOGRAPHY.
10: USABILITY.
11: XML.

SECTION TWO:
12: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?

[Contents ends.]

++ SECTION ONE: New references.

+01: ACCESSIBILITY.

How do You Test Success Criterion 1.3.5 on Mobile Applications?
By Chrissie Henning.
“Here at TPG we have been asking this question and been working hard
to fully understand this Success Criterion and provide a feasible
solution…”

How do You Test Success Criterion 1.3.5 on Mobile Applications?

Fix 85% of your Web Accessibility Issues in 5 Easy Steps
By Alvaro Montoro.
“…Correcting these five issue types would fix most of the
Accessibility problems detected…”
https://codepen.io/alvaromontoro/post/fix-85-of-your-web-accessibility-issues-in-5-easy-steps

Happy Birthday WCAG – Now You are Twenty!
By Lainey Feingold.
“On May 5, 1999 the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) issued a press
release announcing the publication of the Web Content Accessibility
Guidelines (WCAG) 1.0…”

Happy Birthday WCAG — Now You are Twenty!

How Privilege Defines Performance :: #PerfMatters Conference 2019 (Video)
By Tatiana Mac.
“In theory, performance, accessibility, and inclusive design all have
similar goals: Provide the best, most consistent experience to all
people using the minimal amount of resources. In practice, this often
falls apart…we’ll examine how to build conscientiously, looking within
to resist systematic problems in order to create more truly
performant, accessible, and inclusive systems for our users…”

Levy County To Adapt Documents For Visually Impaired Individuals
By Rachel Spencer.
“…At an April meeting, the county decided to move forward with the bid
process for selecting an individual or firm to remediate county
documents to comply with ADA standards. Levy County procurement
coordinator Alicia Tretheway said she estimates the county will pay
more than $37,000 to ensure the county’s 13,177 PDF documents meet ADA
standards…”

Levy County To Adapt Documents For Visually Impaired Individuals

+02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.

Making Things Better: Redefining the Technical Possibilities of CSS
By Rachel Andrew.
Rachel’s presentation material from Boston and An Event Apart.
https://noti.st/rachelandrew/aSEj0y/making-things-better-redefining-the-technical-possibilities-of-css

Digging Into The Display Property: Box Generation
By Rachel Andrew.
“Continuing a series on the display property in CSS, this time Rachel
Andrew takes a look at the values which control box generation, for
those times when you don’t want to generate a box at all.”
https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2019/05/display-box-generation/

Create a Responsive Grid Layout with No Media Queries, Using CSS Grid
By Andy Bell.
“Embracing the flexible nature of the web gives us powerful, resilient
front-ends, where instead of using specific sizes, we give elements
sensible boundaries and let them auto-fill where possible…”
https://andy-bell.design/wrote/create-a-responsive-grid-layout-with-no-media-queries-using-css-grid/

+03: COLOR.

Use Color Accessibility Tools to Improve Your Website Design
By Carrie Cousins.
“Did you know that more than 4 percent of the population is color blind…”

Use Color Accessibility Tools to Improve Your Website Design

+04: EVALUATION & TESTING.

The Science of Silence: Intentional Silence as a Moderation Technique
By Kate Kaplan.
“Keeping quiet is a powerful moderation technique for user interviews,
usability testing, and workshop facilitation. Well-timed, deliberate
periods of silence elicit thoughtful, accurate responses and insights,
and build trust with participants.”
https://www.nngroup.com/articles/intentional-silence-ux/

Where Big Data Can’t Go: The Indispensability of Qualitative Research
in the Evolving Landscape of Measuring Behavior
By Martin Pacino.
“…There is no endeavor to understand and predict market conditions,
consumer behavior, employee engagement, advertising effectiveness and
any of the other building blocks of business success that will ever
fully realize its objectives without qualitative research…”

Where Big Data Can’t Go: The Indispensability of Qualitative Research in the Evolving Landscape of Measuring Behavior

+05: EVENTS.

Mobile Assistive Technology and Testing Techniques
May 14, 2019.
Online
https://zoom.us/webinar/register/4415566340161/WN_EZHzHqTXTAKrtRdfuQVuDA

U / X / D: Intersections and Overlaps of Users, Experience, and Design
May 15-16, 2019.
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A.
https://uxpamn.org/event-3365556

Overcoming the Potential Obstacles of Manual Testing with a Screen Reader
May 21, 2019.
Online
https://zoom.us/webinar/register/8015566338866/WN_kn8bdCE_TU6JCDkE3l8TuA

Winning at Scale – Accessibility in Design Systems & Ops
May 28, 2019.
Online
https://levelaccess.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_Mne4olZ2ToKr716Zyi_MaA

Gray-Box Mobile Accessibility Testing
June 5, 2019.
Online
https://levelaccess.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_IxFdaJQySYe4HSh2cBKmKg

WCAG 2.1 and Mobile Accessibility
June 25, 2019.
Online
https://levelaccess.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_BCJPCGvQTMuSzv6P9C1Kyg

Webstock
June 26-28, 2019.
Wellington City, New Zealand
https://www.webstock.org.nz/19/

Open Source Software Conference (OSCON)
July 15-18, 2019.
Portland, Oregon, U.S.A.
https://conferences.oreilly.com/oscon/oscon-or

+06: HTML.

Why, How, and When to Use Semantic HTML and ARIA
By Adam Silver.
“…Let’s look over the benefits of using HTML and ARIA, why starting
with semantic HTML is the way to go, and why ARIA ought to come in as
a last resort…”

Why, How, and When to Use Semantic HTML and ARIA

Uniquely Labeling Fields in a Table
By Adrian Roselli.
“…if you are creating tables correctly, there isn’t much extra work
you need to do. Your column and row headers, paired with some ARIA,
can do the job for you. I made a demo to show it in action…”

Uniquely Labeling Fields in a Table

+07: JAVASCRIPT.

How I Failed the
By Remy Sharp.
“A real bug bear of mine is when JavaScript gets in the way of
browsing a page on the web. Simple, but common things like time to
interactive being delayed for no good reason, or, in this case, links
that don’t work like links…”
https://remysharp.com/2019/04/04/how-i-failed-the-a

Frameworking
By Jeremy Keith.
“…If you’re weighing up the pros and cons of using, say, a particular
JavaScript library or framework, that’s wonderful. My worry is that
there are people working in front-end development who aren’t putting
that level of thought into their technology choices, but are instead
using a particular framework because it’s what they’re used to.”
https://adactio.com/journal/15111

+08: MISCELLANEOUS.

AMP as Your Web Framework – The AMP Blog
By Jeremy Keith.
“The bait’n’switch is laid bare…”
https://adactio.com/links/15107

A Conspiracy To Kill IE6
By Chris Zacharias.
“The bittersweet consequence of YouTube’s incredible growth is that so
many stories will be lost underneath all of the layers of new paint.
This is why I wanted to tell the story of how, ten years ago, a small
team of web developers conspired to kill IE6 from inside YouTube and
got away with it…”
http://blog.chriszacharias.com/a-conspiracy-to-kill-ie6

Do-It-Yourself Wearable Captioning with Google’s Live Transcribe – Try
This at Home
By David Berman.
“When Google worked with Dimitri Kanevsky to create their Live
Transcribe app, they surely envisioned that people with accessibility
needs would benefit. Even so, they probably didn’t envision fast food
servers wearing tablets.”

Do-It-Yourself Wearable Captioning with Google’s Live Transcribe – Try This at Home!

+09: TYPOGRAPHY.

Type in the Digital Era is a Mess
By Marcin Wichary.
“…The history of web design can be seen as a set of tensions between
designers wanting things to be positioned with utmost precision, and
the web pushing back on some of that control…”
https://www.fastcompany.com/90340882/type-in-the-digital-era-is-a-mess

+10: USABILITY.

Touch Targets on Touchscreens
By Aurora Harley.
“Interactive elements must be at least 1cm × 1cm (0.4in × 0.4in) to
support adequate selection time and prevent fat-finger errors.”
https://www.nngroup.com/articles/touch-target-size/

Userfocus User Experience Consultants
By David Travis.
Consistency is at the heart of good product design. But consistency is
often misinterpreted as making things look or behave the same way.
This ignores context and can lead to a .foolish consistency”. Instead
of consistency, designers should adhere to ‘the Principle of Least
Surprise’…”
https://www.userfocus.co.uk/articles/the-principle-of-least-surprise.html

The Elements of Content Strategy
By Erin Kissane.
“Content strategy is essential. But where did it come from? Why does
it matter? And what does it mean for you? This brief guide explores
content strategy’s roots, and quickly and expertly demonstrates not
only how it’s done, but how you can do it well…”
http://elements-of-content-strategy.abookapart.com/

A Design Language for Touch, Gesture, and Motion
By Steven Hoober.
“…To make sure a product gets built right, you need to write
everything down and draw it out. You need to create design
specifications…”
https://www.uxmatters.com/mt/archives/2019/05/a-design-language-for-touch-gesture-and-motion.php

How Today’s UX Designs May Be Perceived in the Future (Video)
By Jakob Nielsen.
“Jakob Nielsen answers the question of how people in the future will
judge the quality of today’s user experience.”
https://www.nngroup.com/videos/todays-ux-designs-perceived-future/

Recognition vs. Recall in User Interfaces (Video)
By Maria Rosala.
“Design user interfaces to facilitate memory recognition which is
easier than recall because there are more cues available to facilitate
the retrieval of information from memory. (‘Recognition rather than
recall’ is #6 on the list of top 10 user interface heuristics.”
https://www.nngroup.com/articles/permission-requests/

+11: XML.

SVG Will Save Us :: #PerfMatters Conference 2019 (Video)
By Sarah Drasner.
“SVGs are one of the most underutilized technologies on the web. They
can be the most performant, flexible, and accessible image formats. In
this session, Sarah will cover a few practical things like styling SVG
icons like typography, and then dive into the creative wilds of this
graphic format built with math…”

[Section one ends.]

++ SECTION TWO:

+12: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?

Accessibility Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/accessibility.html

Association Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/associations.html

Book Listings.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/books.html

Cascading Style Sheets Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/css.html

Color Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/color.html

Drupal Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/drupal.html

Evaluation & Testing Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/testing.html

Event Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/events.html

HTML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/html.html

Information Architecture Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/architecture.html

JavaScript Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/javascript.html

Miscellaneous Web Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/misc.html

Navigation Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/navigation.html

PHP Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/php.html

Sites & Blogs Listing.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/sites.html

Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/standards.html

Tool Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/tools.html

Typography Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/type.html

Usability Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/usability.html

XML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/xml.html

[Section two ends.]

++END NOTES.

+ SUBSCRIPTION INFO.

WEB DESIGN UPDATE is available by subscription. For information on how
to subscribe and unsubscribe please visit:
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/webdev_listserv.html
The Web Design Reference Site also has a RSS 2.0 feed for site updates.

+ TEXT EMAIL NEWSLETTER (TEN).

As a navigation aid for screen readers we do our best to conform to
the accessible Text Email Newsletter (TEN) guidelines. Please let me
know if there is anything else we can do to make navigation easier.
For TEN guideline information please visit:
http://www.headstar.com/ten

+ SIGN OFF.

Until next time,

Laura L. Carlson
Information Technology Systems and Services
University of Minnesota Duluth
Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009
mailto:lcar…@d.umn.edu

[Issue ends.]

+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE. – Volume 17, Issue 45, May 2, 2019.

+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE.
– Volume 17, Issue 45, May 2, 2019.

An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web
design and development.

++ISSUE 45 CONTENTS.

SECTION ONE: New references.
What’s new at the Web Design Reference site?
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/
New links in these categories:

01: ACCESSIBILITY.
02: EVALUATION & TESTING.
03: EVENTS.
04: HTML.
05: JAVASCRIPT.
06: MISCELLANEOUS.
07: NAVIGATION.
08: USABILITY.

SECTION TWO:
09: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?

[Contents ends.]

++ SECTION ONE: New references.

+01: ACCESSIBILITY.

Maps for All
By Minnesota IT Services.
“Maps are a great way of sharing complex information, but resources to
make these maps accessible were not always easy to find. Until now.”
https://mn.gov/mnit/media/blog/?id=38-382609

Audio Description Using the Web Speech API
By Terrill Thompson.
“…Able Player performs a quick check to see if the user’s browser
supports it. If it doesn’t, it falls back to the old way of doing
things using ARIA live regions. But if it does, the browser reads the
description text in a pre-defined synthesized voice, keeping the
screen reader free to do other things…”

Audio Description using the Web Speech API

Revisiting prefers-reduced-motion, The Reduced Motion Media Query
By Eric Bailey.
Eric revisits prefers-reduced-motion focusing less about the how and
more about the why.

Revisiting prefers-reduced-motion, the reduced motion media query

Updated: PDF Accessibility
By WebAIM.
“Our Acrobat PDF accessibility article has been updated and greatly expanded.”
https://webaim.org/techniques/acrobat/

Six Ways to Make your Site More Accessible
By Hidde de Vries.
“A presentation at WordCamp Rotterdam in April 2019…”
https://talks.hiddedevries.nl/lMxtx5/six-ways-to-make-your-site-more-accessible

This Open Source Software Could Make Museum Websites More Accessible
By Claire Voon.
“Earlier this year, dozens of New York City art galleries were hit
with lawsuits filed separately by two legally blind plaintiffs…”
https://www.artsy.net/article/artsy-editorial-open-source-software-museum-websites-accessible

The Role of Design in Accessibility
By Adrian Roselli.
Adrian’s Slides from his a11yTO Meet-up presentation.

Slides: The Role of Design in Accessibility — a11yTO Meet-up

New Developments in Ongoing Website Accessibility Litigation
By Elizabeth J. Rho-Ng, Cathie L. Fields, Sharon J. Ormond.
“A federal district court in Massachusetts recently ruled against
Harvard University in an ongoing lawsuit filed on behalf of disabled
individuals challenging the accessibility of online video content on
the university’s websites…”
https://www.aalrr.com/EdLawConnectBlog/new-developments-in-ongoing-website-accessibility-litigation

+02: EVALUATION & TESTING.

Usability Testing with Minors: 16 Tips
By Alita Joyce.
To guarantee an effective study with users under 18-years old, recruit
extra participants, design a child-friendly lab, prepare a plethora of
age-appropriate tasks, and avoid being too authoritative.”
https://www.nngroup.com/articles/usability-testing-minors/

Embedding Accessibility into the DevOps Process
By Dylan Barrell.
“…focus on continually shifting accessibility testing ‘further left’
earlier in the development cycle to enhance quality while maintaining
velocity. The sooner you detect and fix accessibility issues, the less
likely these are to become more deeply baked into the software, making
them more difficult and time-consuming to undo…”

Embedding Accessibility into the DevOps Process

+03: EVENTS.

Minnesota Digital Accessibility Law Celebration
May 7, 2019.
Saint Paul, Minnesota, U.S.A.
https://content.govdelivery.com/accounts/MNIT/bulletins/2411727

Accessibility of Course Materials & Your University
May 9, 2019.
Online
http://aem.cast.org/about/events/2019/05/quality-indicators-for-higher-ed.html

Accessibility and Social Media
May 9, 2019.
Online
https://go.3playmedia.com/wbn-05-09-2019-social

Accessible Documents and You!
May 9, 2019.
Online
https://iod.unh.edu/event/accessible-documents-and-you

Web4All Hackathon 2019
May 15-16, 2019.
San Francisco, California, U.S.A.
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSfn4f-qdLHD4UQ0QeeJpHKul1KIcjGeamVyfSWSpBEqT8uR8g/viewform

Celebrate Global Accessibility Awareness Day @ Illinois
May 16, 2019.
Champaign, Illinois, U.S.A.
https://www.disability.illinois.edu/academic-support/accessible-it-group/gaad2019

Global Accessibility Awareness Day 2019
May 16, 2019.
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.
https://www.meetup.com/en-AU/a11ychi/events/261052295/

Best Practices for Accessible Social Media
May 21, 2019.
Online
http://www.cast.org/whats-new/events/2019/05/best-practices-social-media-accessibility.html

Partnership for Progress on the Digital Divide
May 22-24, 2019.
Washington, D.C, U.S.A.
http://www.ppdd.org/conferences/ppdd2019/

Boston UX Conference
July 15-19, 2019.
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
https://www.nngroup.com/training/boston/

+04: HTML.

Details / Summary Are Not [insert control here]
By Adrian Roselli.
“…we need to be careful of christening this new-to-us interaction as
the solution to all our coding struggles…”
http://adrianroselli.com/2019/04/details-summary-are-not-insert-control-here.html

Short Note on fieldset and legend Semantics
By Steve Faulkner.
“…Using a without a, non-empty, child is the same
as using a

for screen reader users i.e. it’s ignored…”
https://codepen.io/stevef/post/fielsdet-and-legend-semantics

Demo: Uniquely Labeling Fields in Table
By Adrian Roselli.
“Use row headers as they aid wayfinding for screen reader users and
contributes to the accessible name for each field…”

A History of the HTML Slot Element
By Jan Miksovsky.
“To me, the story behind the standard HTML element illustrates
the complexity of producing standards, the importance of talking with
people face-to-face, and the value of compromise…”
https://component.kitchen/blog/posts/a-history-of-the-html-slot-element

+05: JAVASCRIPT.

How to Clone an Array in JavaScript
By Yazeed Bzadough.
“JavaScript has many ways to do anything. I’ve written on 10 Ways to
Write pipe/compose in JavaScript, and now we’re doing arrays…”
https://medium.freecodecamp.org/how-to-clone-an-array-in-javascript-1d3183468f6a

Why I’ve Stopped Exporting Defaults From My JavaScript Modules
By Nicholas Zakas.
“After years of fighting with default exports, I’ve changed my ways.…”
https://humanwhocodes.com/blog/2019/01/stop-using-default-exports-javascript-module/

ARIA Annotations
By W3C. Editors: Michael Cooper, Aaron Leventhal, and Benjamin Young.
“ARIA Annotations provides markup for accessible, in-page annotations.
This specification describes the mechanism for signaling that content
has been annotated, for what purpose, and where to find the related
additional content…”
https://w3c.github.io/annotation-aria/

WAI-ARIA 1.1 Cheat Sheet
By Raghavendra Satish Peri.
“…ARIA attributes communicate the role, state & property symantics to
assistive technologies via the accessibility API s implemented in
browsers…”

WAI-ARIA 1.1 Cheat Sheet

Top 7 ARIA Tips for Developers
By Rakesh Paladugula.
“Accessible Rich Internet Applications, widely known as WAI ARIA or
just ARIA is a W3C specification to build accessible next generation
web technologies…”

Top 7 ARIA tips for Developers

+06: MISCELLANEOUS.

AXSChat with John Rochford (Video)
By Neil Milliken, Debra Ruh, and Antonio Santos.
“John Rochford is a Program Director and Faculty Member at the Eunice
Kennedy Shriver Center of the University of Massachusetts Medical
School…”

CC Search is Out of Beta with 300M Images and Easier Attribution
By Jane Park.
“Today CC Search comes out of beta, with over 300 million images
indexed from multiple collections, a major redesign, and faster, more
relevant search. It’s the result of a huge amount of work from the
engineering team at Creative Commons and our community of volunteer
developers…””

Creative Commons launches its search engine out of beta, with over 300M images indexed

+07: NAVIGATION.

Enriching Search Results Through Structured Data
By Google.
“For many years we have been recommending the use of structured data
on websites to enable a richer search experience. When you add markup
to your content, you help search engines understand the different
components of a page…”
https://webmasters.googleblog.com/2019/04/enriching-search-results-structured-data.html

+08: USABILITY.

3 Design Considerations for Effective Mobile-App Permission Requests
By Maria Rosala.
“Mobile permission requests are often poorly designed. Consider the
content and timing of these requests, avoid dark patterns, and enable
users to reverse their decision.”
https://www.nngroup.com/articles/permission-requests/

10 Heuristic Principles for Mobile Interfaces
By Jordan DeVos.
“…Below is a curated collection of ten principles that are inspired by
human-centered design and usability thought leaders…”
https://uxdesign.cc/heuristic-principles-for-mobile-interfaces-c226fbaa1d16

Too Much UX Success (Video)
By Jakob Nielsen.
“What to do when a UX team becomes too popular and too many projects
want UX help with their designs, overwhelming the available capacity
to do good work.”
https://www.nngroup.com/videos/too-much-ux-success/

6 Rules for Persuasive Storytelling
By Rachel Krause.
“Stories build empathy and make the user needs and pain points
memorable to your team. Effective stories speak the language of the
audience, are rooted in data, and take advantage of compelling
artifacts.”
https://www.nngroup.com/articles/persuasive-storytelling/

[Section one ends.]

++ SECTION TWO:

+09: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?

Accessibility Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/accessibility.html

Association Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/associations.html

Book Listings.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/books.html

Cascading Style Sheets Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/css.html

Color Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/color.html

Drupal Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/drupal.html

Evaluation & Testing Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/testing.html

Event Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/events.html

HTML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/html.html

Information Architecture Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/architecture.html

JavaScript Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/javascript.html

Miscellaneous Web Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/misc.html

Navigation Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/navigation.html

PHP Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/php.html

Sites & Blogs Listing.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/sites.html

Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/standards.html

Tool Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/tools.html

Typography Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/type.html

Usability Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/usability.html

XML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/xml.html

[Section two ends.]

++END NOTES.

+ SUBSCRIPTION INFO.

WEB DESIGN UPDATE is available by subscription. For information on how
to subscribe and unsubscribe please visit:
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/webdev_listserv.html
The Web Design Reference Site also has a RSS 2.0 feed for site updates.

+ TEXT EMAIL NEWSLETTER (TEN).

As a navigation aid for screen readers we do our best to conform to
the accessible Text Email Newsletter (TEN) guidelines. Please let me
know if there is anything else we can do to make navigation easier.
For TEN guideline information please visit:
http://www.headstar.com/ten

+ SIGN OFF.

Until next time,

Laura L. Carlson
Information Technology Systems and Services
University of Minnesota Duluth
Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009
mailto:lcar…@d.umn.edu

[Issue ends.]

+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE. – Volume 17, Issue 44, April 25, 2019.

+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE.
– Volume 17, Issue 44, April 25, 2019.

An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web
design and development.

++ISSUE 44 CONTENTS.

SECTION ONE: New references.
What’s new at the Web Design Reference site?
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/
New links in these categories:

01: ACCESSIBILITY.
02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.
03: EVALUATION & TESTING.
04: EVENTS.
05: INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE.
06: JAVASCRIPT.
07: MISCELLANEOUS.
08: NAVIGATION.
09: STANDARDS, GUIDELINES & PATTERNS.
10: NAVIGATION.
11: USABILITY.

SECTION TWO:
12: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?

[Contents ends.]

++ SECTION ONE: New references.

+01: ACCESSIBILITY.

A Technical and Cultural Assessment of the Mueller Report PDF
By Duff Johnson.
“…In addition to not being searchable, the file contains no text, is
not tagged, and is therefore not accessible to disabled users. The US
Department of Justice has a clear policy of ensuring that public
documents comply with Section 508 regulations, and are therefore
accessible to users with disabilities. The Mueller Report PDF does not
conform with these regulations…”

A Technical and Cultural Assessment of the Mueller Report PDF

DoJ Reposts the Mueller Report
By Duff Johnson.
“As reported within hours by Quartz, four days after its initial
release and fanfare-free, the US Department of Justice re-posted the
Mueller Report PDF with a few improvements. They also added a few
problems…”

DoJ reposts the Mueller Report

Move Ya! Or Maybe, Don’t, if the User prefers-reduced-motion!
By Thomas Steiner.
“…Respecting user preferences is key for modern websites, and browsers
expose more and more features to enable web developers to do so. The
CSS Working Group are currently standardizing more user preference
media queries…”
https://developers.google.com/web/updates/2019/03/prefers-reduced-motion

Unintentionally Tabling Table Semantics
By Scott O’Hara.
“I feel like I have a knack for finding bugs and uncovering oddities
in how HTML and/or ARIA is exposed to browsers’ accessibility trees…”
https://www.scottohara.me/blog/2019/04/19/tabled-tables.html

Accessibility in Agile Transformational Practices
By Dylan Barrell.
“By implementing these accessibility practices into your agile
processes, agile teams can sustainably defeat the accessibility hydra
dragon.”

Accessibility in Agile Transformational Practices

Automatic Captions: Are They Helping or Hindering Students?
By Jaclyn Leduc.
“…Inaccurate captions negatively affect the perceived quality of video
content, but more importantly, they don’t adequately communicate the
message of the video to those who rely on captions to engage with
video content…”

Automatic Captions: Are They Helping or Hindering Students?

Artificial Intelligence Is Good, but Is It Good Enough for Captions?
By Elisa Edelberg.
“…when it comes to purely automated captioning solutions, there are no
solutions on the horizon that will address all of the challenges posed
by the captioning task. Technology just doesn’t have the same
capability that humans do…”

Artificial Intelligence Is Good, but Is It Good Enough for Captions?

Video Captions: Sometimes You Only Need to Ask
By Deborah Edwards-Onoro.
“…I’ve learned that sharing the poor video autocaptions is a powerful
way to encourage video producers to caption their videos…”

Video Captions: Sometimes You Only Need to Ask

How To Caption Your Instagram Stories To Make Them More Accessible
(Hat tip to Meryl Evans)
By Mika Doyle.
“If you follow Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez on social media, you might be
wondering how AOC captions her Instagram stories…”
https://www.bustle.com/p/how-to-caption-your-instagram-stories-to-make-them-more-accessible-17047616

What’s New in Accessibility in 2019
By Jonathan Hassell.
“This is the final part of my review of what is happening across the
Digital Accessibility Ecosystem in 2019…”

What’s new in Accessibility in 2019 – standards, authoring tools, frameworks and design thinking

The Coming Web Crack-Up
By Peter Slatin.
“…more appropriate words are deprivation and discrimination when
recognizing this for what it is: denial of service…”
https://www.forbes.com/sites/peterslatin/2019/04/21/the-coming-web-crack-up/

+02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.

Input with label hidden using display:none or even visibility:hidden
By Steve Faulkner.
“Sometimes developers hide label elements using display:none or even
visibility:hidden in an attempt to provide the label text to
screenreader users, while not displaying it visually. Unfortunately
when hidden using these particular CSS properties the for/id
programmatic association is broken…”
https://s.codepen.io/stevef/debug/LvgBmv

Inclusively Hidden
By Scott O’Hara.
“There are various ways to hide content in web interfaces, but are you
aware of the different effects they have on the accessibility of that
content?…”
https://www.scottohara.me/blog/2017/04/14/inclusively-hidden.html

That Time I Tried Browsing the Web Without CSS
By Jon Kantner.
“…A WebAIM survey from 2018 reported that 12.5% of users who rely on
any sort of assisted technology browse the web with custom
stylesheets, which can include doing away with every CSS declaration
across a site. And, if we’re talking about slow internet connections,
ditching CSS could be one way to consume content faster. There’s also
the chance that CSS is disabled for reasons outside our immediate
control, like when a server has hiccups of fails to load assets. As an
experiment, I used five websites and a web app without CSS, and this
post will cover my experiences…”

That Time I Tried Browsing the Web Without CSS

CSS Subgrid News and Demos
By Rachel Andrew.
“A couple of weeks ago I spoke at Frontend NE in Newcastle, a big part
of my talk was explaining what the CSS Grid Subgrid feature from Grid
Level 2 would contain…”
https://rachelandrew.co.uk/archives/2019/04/16/css-subgrid-news-and-demos/

+03: EVALUATION & TESTING.

Why You Should Measure UX Attitudes
By Jeff Sauro.
“…If you want to understand and predict user behavior, you need to
understand attitudes. But what is an attitude?…”

Why You Should Measure UX Attitudes

+04: EVENTS.

Mobile Office Hours: Accessible Carousels
April 29, 2019.
Online
https://accessibility.deque.com/mobile-office-hours-accessible-carousels

ADA and the Internet
May 16, 2019.
Online
https://levelaccess.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_niw0Aq9dRCCkcxGvEK-Ufw

Keynote by Bruce Lawson on How To Make Loveliness: an HTML Treasure Hunt
June 24, 2019.
London, England, United Kingdom
https://skillsmatter.com/meetups/11798-diversity-matters

CoderCruise
August 17-22, 2019.
Jacksonville, Florida, U.S.A.
https://www.codercruise.com/

National Association of Government Web (NAGW) Conference
September 18-20, 2019.
Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.A.
https://nagw.org/content.php?page=conference

Big Design
September 19-21, 2019.
Dallas, Texas, U.S.A.

Homepage

The Fact & Fiction of Document Accessibility
September 30, 2019.
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A.

The Fact & Fiction of Document Accessibility

Monday, Sep 30, 2019, 5:30 PM

Industrious Minneapolis North Loop
Minneapolis, MN

13 Access Professionals Attending

Accessible documents, including PDFs, spreadsheets, brochures and forms, have been a point of contention for many organizations. Can documents be made accessible? What works and what doesn’t for real users who are vision impaired? Does document inaccessibility impact people with non-vision related disabilities? Is it possible to use software to mak…

Check out this Meetup →

+05: INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE.

Everyday Information Architecture: Auditing for Structure
By Lisa Maria Martin.
“We’re pleased to share an excerpt from Chapter 4 of Lisa Maria
Martin’s Everyday Information Architecture, from A Book Apart…”

Everyday Information Architecture: Auditing for Structure

+06: JAVASCRIPT.

12 Tips for More Accessible React Apps (Slides, React Finland 2019)
By Manuel Matuzovic.
“If you want to improve the accessibility of your React apps but you
don’t know how or where to start, this talk is just what you need…”
https://www.matuzo.at/blog/12-tips-for-more-accessible-react-apps-slides-react-finland-2019/

+07: MISCELLANEOUS.

Would Life be Happier Without Google? I Spent a Week Finding Out
By Tim Dowling.
“People had to get by without the search engine giant before it was
launched in 1998. But is it possible to live your life – and do your
job – without it these days…”
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/apr/17/would-life-be-happier-without-google-i-spent-a-week-finding-out

Front-End Developer Handbook 2019
By Cody Lindley.
“This is a guide that anyone could use to learn about the practice of
front-end development. It broadly outlines and discusses the practice
of front-end engineering: how to learn it and what tools are used when
practicing it in 2018…”
https://frontendmasters.com/books/front-end-handbook/2019/

Inclusive: What is It?
By Jess Mitchell.
“…Inclusive isn’t easy. It’s often not comfy. And we know that we
avoid uncomfy…”
View at Medium.com

Accessibility with Heydon Pickering (Podcast)
By Dave Rupert and Chris Coyier.
“We’re chatting with Heydon Pickering about accessibility, using
pre-built solutions past their best before date, everyone’s varying
degrees of proficiency, and whether accessibility is becoming second
nature to more people…”

355: Accessibility with Heydon Pickering

+08: NAVIGATION.

Enriching Search Results Through Structured Data
By Google.
“For many years we have been recommending the use of structured data
on websites to enable a richer search experience. When you add markup
to your content, you help search engines understand the different
components of a page…”
https://webmasters.googleblog.com/2019/04/enriching-search-results-structured-data.html

+09: STANDARDS, GUIDELINES & PATTERNS.

Introducing USWDS 2.0
By Dan O. Williams and Maya Benari.
“Today, we’re launching U.S. Web Design System 2.0 (USWDS 2.0), a new
foundation for the future of our design system…”
https://v2.designsystem.digital.gov/whats-new/updates/2019/04/08/introducing-uswds-2-0/

+10: USABILITY.

Icons: Avoid Temptation and Start with User Needs
By Ben Cullimore.
“Icons can be a useful way to represent ideas simply. Ben Cullimore,
Interaction Designer in the team which redesigned the NHS website,
explains how they decided on the most effective icons to use…”
https://digital.nhs.uk/blog/transformation-blog/2019/icons-avoid-temptation-and-start-with-user-needs

Designing Button Focus States for Better Usability
By Elizabeth Schafer.
“…buttons have more than one state. The default state we just created
looks good so far, but we need to make sure that it also looks
noticeably different when it’s focused. Many people exclusively use
keyboards to navigate, and rely on the focus state to know where they
are on the page…”
https://dev.to/elizabethschafer/designing-button-focus-states-for-better-usability-gm2

Customer-Focused Content: Creating Content People Want and Need
By Jennifer Leigh Brown.
“…In this article, learn what customer-centric content is and how it
leads to better outcomes for brands, businesses, and creative teams…”

Customer-focused Content: Creating Content People Want and Need

UX Responsibilities in Scrum Ceremonies
By Anna Kaley.
“As part of an Agile team, UX professionals should participate in all
Scrum ceremonies in order to maintain open communication, influence
product success, and productively contribute to the team.”
https://www.nngroup.com/articles/ux-scrum/

Sympathy vs. Empathy in UX
By Sarah Gibbons.
“The majority of UX professionals practice sympathy instead of empathy
for their users.”
https://www.nngroup.com/articles/sympathy-vs-empathy-ux/

3 Myths About Teens and Tech (Video)
By Alita Joyce.
“Debunked myths about how teenagers use computers and technology,
based on our usability research with users aged 13-17 years.”
https://www.nngroup.com/videos/myths-teens-tech/

[Section one ends.]

++ SECTION TWO:

+11: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?

Accessibility Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/accessibility.html

Association Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/associations.html

Book Listings.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/books.html

Cascading Style Sheets Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/css.html

Color Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/color.html

Drupal Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/drupal.html

Evaluation & Testing Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/testing.html

Event Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/events.html

HTML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/html.html

Information Architecture Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/architecture.html

JavaScript Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/javascript.html

Miscellaneous Web Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/misc.html

Navigation Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/navigation.html

PHP Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/php.html

Sites & Blogs Listing.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/sites.html

Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/standards.html

Tool Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/tools.html

Typography Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/type.html

Usability Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/usability.html

XML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/xml.html

[Section two ends.]

++END NOTES.

+ SUBSCRIPTION INFO.

WEB DESIGN UPDATE is available by subscription. For information on how
to subscribe and unsubscribe please visit:
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/webdev_listserv.html
The Web Design Reference Site also has a RSS 2.0 feed for site updates.

+ TEXT EMAIL NEWSLETTER (TEN).

As a navigation aid for screen readers we do our best to conform to
the accessible Text Email Newsletter (TEN) guidelines. Please let me
know if there is anything else we can do to make navigation easier.
For TEN guideline information please visit:
http://www.headstar.com/ten

+ SIGN OFF.

Until next time,

Laura L. Carlson
Information Technology Systems and Services
University of Minnesota Duluth
Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009
mailto:lcar…@d.umn.edu

[Issue ends.]

+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE. – Volume 17, Issue 43, April 16, 2019.

+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE.
– Volume 17, Issue 43, April 16, 2019.

An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web
design and development.

++ISSUE 43 CONTENTS.

SECTION ONE: New references.
What’s new at the Web Design Reference site?
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/
New links in these categories:

01: ACCESSIBILITY.
02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.
03: DRUPAL.
04: EVALUATION & TESTING.
05: EVENTS.
06: HTML.
07: JAVASCRIPT.
08: MISCELLANEOUS.
09: NAVIGATION.
10: TOOLS.
11: TYPOGRAPHY.
12: USABILITY.

SECTION TWO:
13: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?

[Contents ends.]

++ SECTION ONE: New references.

+01: ACCESSIBILITY.

The Complete Guide to Captioned Videos
By Meryl K. Evans.
“Born profoundly deaf, I’ve depended on captions since getting my
first big clunky decoder in 1983…This guide will dive into why
captioning matters, how it provides a huge ROI, 10 rules for creating
great captions, and how to caption your videos…”

The Complete Guide to Captioned Videos

Is Your Web Site Really Accessible?
By Nicolò Carpignoli.
“Why accessibility matters and how you can check and eventually fix it
on your website…”
View at Medium.com

Power to the People, Freedom for Your Code
By Eric Eggert.
Eric’s April 2019 presentation slides from Funka Accessibility Days in
Stockholm, Sweden.
https://talks.yatil.net/ysWYmI/power-to-the-people-freedom-for-your-code

Accessibility Events
By Mat Marquis.
“…I won’t play a part in helping to propagate the mistake Apple’s
developers made. I’ll let my answer hang heavy and uncomfortable in
the air: no. Not because we can’t-we can. Not because we shouldn’t,
though, no, we still shouldn’t. No-now, I will allow the word to
become as coarse as I had always wanted it to be, because I no longer
have the cold comfort of “well, technically” to hide behind.”

Accessibility Events

About Accessibility Events (Hat tip to Leonie Watson)
By Apple.
“It’s experimental. It’s enabled by default in the OS, but not the
browser. It enables detection of events fired only when an AT is
running, but not the type of AT that is enabled.”
https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT209655

Top 5 Questions Asked in Accessibility Trainings
By Carie Fisher.
“…Below are the top five questions that I hear most often and some
context/resources to learn a bit more about each…”

Top 5 Questions Asked in Accessibility Trainings

University of Louisville Being Investigated for Possible Disability
Discrimination
By Morgan Watkins.
“The U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights is
investigating the University of Louisville for possible
disability-related discrimination. University spokesman John Karman
confirmed that the Office for Civil Rights has launched a case, which
specifically concerns website and online course accessibility.”
https://www.courier-journal.com/story/news/education/2019/04/09/university-louisville-investigated-disability-discrimination/3405547002/

2019 CSUNATC Digital Accessibility Legal Update
By Lainey Feingold.
“…This is a post about laws and cases about the rights of disabled
people to be part of the digital world. Every year Lainey Feingold
does a talk at the CSUN conference about what’s new in the legal
world. This post described what Lainey talked about…”

2019 CSUNATC Digital Accessibility Legal Update

+02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.

Are Nested Grids Like Nested Tables?
By Rachel Andrew.
“A thing I keep hearing, and especially when talking about subgrid is,
‘nested grids … isn’t that like tables within tables in the olden
days?’ It is not. This is why…”
https://www.rachelandrew.co.uk/archives/2019/04/12/are-nested-grids-like-nested-tables/

+03: COLOR.

Why Cancel Buttons Should Never Have a Color
By Anthony Tseng.
“A Cancel button is not a call to action because no changes to the
system occur after it’s pressed. Therefore, you should never emphasize
it with color, otherwise you’ll give users that impression. Instead,
they should get the impression that no changes occur and that the
button is their escape commitment…”

Why Cancel Buttons Should Never Have a Color

How the Web Became Unreadable
By Kevin Marks.
“It’s been getting harder for me to read things on my phone and my
laptop. I’ve caught myself squinting and holding the screen closer to
my face…”
https://www.wired.com/2016/10/how-the-web-became-unreadable/

+04: EVALUATION & TESTING.

Think Like an Accessible UX Researcher Part 3, Five Common Mistakes in
Usability Testing and How to Avoid Them
By David Sloan.
“This is the third in a series of posts reviewing the advice in Think
like a UX Researcher, by David Travis and Philip Hodgson, from the
perspective of involving people with disabilities in UX research (see
Part 1 and Part 2). In this post, we’ll look at their advice on
usability testing and the ways that you can avoid making common
mistakes when running evaluations with people with disabilities…”

Think like an accessible UX researcher part 3: five common mistakes in usability testing and how to avoid them

Procedure and Criteria for Running a Website Usability Tests
By Eric Smith.
“…we will discuss specifically how usability tests work for websites
individually…”
https://uxplanet.org/procedure-criteria-for-running-a-website-usability-tests-73d083d7a987

How to Run a Retrospective for a Design Team (Video)
By Rachel Krause.
“Retrospectives are a dedicated time to come together, reflect, and
collaboratively improve your design team’s process. In this video,
we’ll walk through the four components of a retrospective and how to
use this meeting effectively.”
https://www.nngroup.com/videos/retrospectives/

Auditing My Own Site For Accessibility
By Nic Chan.
“I launched the first version of this site well over 3 years ago, and
it was one of my first fully completed code projects…”
https://www.nicchan.me/blog/auditing-my-own-site-for-accessibility/

W3C Invites Implementations of Accessibility Conformance Testing (ACT)
Rules Format 1.0
By W3C.
“The Accessibility Guidelines Working Group has published a Candidate
Recommendation of Accessibility Conformance Testing (ACT) Rules Format
1.0…”

W3C Invites Implementations of Accessibility Conformance Testing (ACT) Rules Format 1.0

+05: EVENTS.

Evaluating Organizational Readiness for Accessibility
April 18, 2019.
Online
https://zoom.us/webinar/register/9615537904399/WN_qEOlZwuhSLGm7VwIZk2Bwg
Further details by Deborah Edwards-Onoro:

Webinar: Evaluating Organizational Readiness for Accessibility

Talking Design with Adrian Roselli
April 23, 2019.
Toronto, Canada

Talking Design with Adrian Roselli

Tuesday, Apr 23, 2019, 6:00 PM

TELUS Digital
25 York Street Toronto, on

87 #a11yTO members Went

#a11yTO is happy to have Adrian Roselli back with a brand new talk! Designers can have an outsized impact on the accessibility of a project, being the ones who produce the visuals that are often critical for understanding and sign-off. Adrian will talk about the ways designers contribute to the overall accessibility of a site or application. We’ll …

Check out this Meetup →

Global Accessibility Awareness Day: Live Demos and Education
May 16, 2019.
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A.

Global Accessibility Awareness Day: Live Demos and Education

Thursday, May 16, 2019, 5:00 PM

Industrious Minneapolis North Loop
Minneapolis, MN

29 Access Professionals Attending

Sponsored by the Accessibility Team at WeCo, digital professionals who also live with disabilities! Join this fourth annual free, city-wide event to help educate and inform about digital accessibility. Live Device Demonstrations: Accessibility is about more than just screen readers. It impacts users with low vision, mobility, hearing and cognitive …

Check out this Meetup →

Online at:
https://zoom.us/j/495261745

Twin Cities Drupal Camp
June 6-8, 2019.
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A.
https://2019.tcdrupal.org/

Moving Mobile to 2.1
July 29, 2019.
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A.

Moving Mobile to 2.1

Monday, Jul 29, 2019, 5:30 PM

Industrious Minneapolis North Loop
Minneapolis, MN

15 Access Professionals Attending

As more organizations begin to adopt WCAG 2.1 to their website and software, we all know that mobile platforms aren’t far behind. This MeetUp will discuss how 2.1 applies to mobile formats. We will also answer questions and share ideas on how ATC members are making this happen. A great follow up to our May MeetUp, WCAG 2.1 Primer, this is another g…

Check out this Meetup →

An Event Apart Chicago
August 26-28, 2019.
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.
https://aneventapart.com/event/chicago-2019

TypeCon
August 28-September 1, 2019.
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A.
http://www.typecon.com/

W3C Technical Plenary / Advisory Committee (TPAC)
September 16-20, 2019.
Fukuoka, Japan
https://www.w3.org/2019/09/TPAC/

Accessibility Toronto Conference
October 15-16, 2019.
Toronto, Canada
http://conf.a11yto.com/

+06: HTML.

HTML Includes That Work Today
By Scott Jehl.
“As long as I have been working on the web, I’ve desired a simple
HTML-driven means of including the contents of another file directly
into the page…”
https://www.filamentgroup.com/lab/html-includes/

+07: JAVASCRIPT.

Defining Productivity
By Jeremy Wagner.
“As developers, we use frameworks and third party tools to build
websites faster and more easily. Ask any developer why they use these
tools, and the answer is deterministic: productivity. Surely we want
to be more productive in our work, but it’s worth asking ourselves an
important question: how are we defining productivity?”
https://jeremy.codes/blog/defining-productivity/

Web Components will Replace Your Frontend Framework
By Danny Moerkerke.
“The native web platform has caught up with frontend frameworks and
will slowly render them obsolete…”
https://www.dannymoerkerke.com/blog/web-components-will-replace-your-frontend-framework

Split
By Jeremy Keith.
“…the split that worries the most is this: The people who make the web
vs. the people who are excluded from making the web.
https://adactio.com/journal/15050

Javascript vs. CSS – More Control Means More Responsibility (video interview)
By Chris Heilmann.
“A few weeks ago I was in Paris, France to visit Prismic and they
interviewed me about the JavaScript vs. CSS debate. In 10 minutes we
covered a lot…”
https://christianheilmann.com/2019/04/11/javascript-vs-css-more-control-means-more-responsibility-video-interview/

Code Heart Design Conference Sydney (Video)
By Jed Watson.
“It’s wild how much JavaScript has learned from CSS over the years.
Need to target a DOM element? CSS Selectors have you covered!
Declarative code? That was CSS long before it was React. So as we
boldly put our CSS in our JS and step into the component age, let’s
take a look at some other lessons we can learn from the design
language of the web…”

+08: MISCELLANEOUS.

Nothing Fails Like Success
By Jeffrey Zeldman.
“Money and tech have a complicated relationship. We trained our users
to expect things for free. Quickly we realized that wasn’t a
sustainable business model, so we sold their data and served ads,
which invites its own problems. Now, we’re trying to undo this tangled
web. How do we get back to a democratized web?”

Nothing Fails Like Success

Everything You Know About Web Design Just Changed (Video)
By Jen Simmons.
“We’re standing at the threshold of an entirely new era in digital
design-one in which, rather than hacking layouts together, we can
actually describe layouts directly. The benefits will touch everything
from prototyping to custom art direction to responsive design. In this
visionary talk, rooted in years of practical experience, Jen Simmons
will show you how to understand what’s different, learn to think
through multiple stages of flexibility, and let go of pixel
constraints forever…”

A Website is a Car and Not a Book
By Robin Rendle.
“…You have to understand that you’re looking at an immensely
complicated system of moving parts…”

A Website is a Car and Not a Book

Google AMP Lowered Our Page Speed, and There’s No Choice But to Use It
By Walid Halabi.
“…AMP isn’t about speed. It’s about control…”
https://unlikekinds.com/article/google-amp-page-speed

+09: NAVIGATION.

Body Copy Link Styling - the Right Way
By Kevin R. Kirby.
“…Conclusion: Keep the underline in body copy text or stop putting
links inside of the body copy….”

Body copy link styling — the right way

Mega Menu Using Bootstrap Dialog Boxes
By David MacDonald.
“…I offer this as an alternative for those using Bootstrap. It works
in Bootstrap 3.3.7 or 4.x”
http://davidmacd.com/blog/bootstrap-mega.html

+10: TOOLS.

Able Player 4.0
By Terrill Thompson.
“New features include support for playlists, Vimeo, self-voicing of
text-based audio description, & improved support for extended audio
description, among others.”
https://github.com/ableplayer/ableplayer/releases/tag/v4.0

Reading Order Bookmarklet
By Adrian Roselli.
“When a keyboard-only user or screen reader user comes to page that
uses CSS to create a layout, there is a chance that what is on the
screen does not match the flow of the page…”

Reading Order Bookmarklet

axe for Android
By Deque.
Accessibility analysis tool available for the Android platform.

axe for Android

Captcha Solving Chrome Extension
By Oliver Edholm.
“I just wanted to announce that I’m now releasing a Chrome Extension
for automatic captcha solving…”
https://nvda.groups.io/g/nvda/message/60142

+11: TYPOGRAPHY.

Behind the Process of Helvetica’s 21st century Facelift
By William Joel.
“The famous typeface has been re-drawn for the modern era…”
https://www.theverge.com/2019/4/9/18302057/helvetica-now-new-monotype-typeface-charles-nix-design-optical-sizes-alternate-characters

+12: USABILITY.

Privacy UX: Better Cookie Consent Experiences
By Vitaly Friedman.
“This series of articles is about privacy-related design patterns.
We’ll be exploring some of the respectful ways to approach privacy and
data collection, and how to deal with those notorious cookie consent
prompts, intrusive push notifications, glorious permission requests,
malicious third-party tracking and offboarding experience…”
https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2019/04/privacy-ux-better-cookie-consent-experiences/

Interactions and Complexity
By Gerry McGovern.
“…The Web is not print. It’s a much more complex, networked
environment. Those who are investing in complexity, while also
investing in simplifying interactions with such complex systems, are
reaping the bountiful rewards.”

Interactions and complexity

Modes in User Interfaces: When They Help and When They Hurt Users
By Page Laubheimer.
“In a modal interface, the same user action can have different results
depending on the state of the system. Poorly signaled modes can easily
trigger user errors with disastrous consequences.”
https://www.nngroup.com/articles/modes/

Visual Design Terms Cheat Sheet
By Therese Fessenden.
“A glossary of visual-design terms and easy definitions can create
common ground in mixed teams whose members come with a variety of
backgrounds.”
https://www.nngroup.com/articles/visual-design-cheat-sheet/

UX is Not Arts & Crafts: Why We Use Tangibles (Video)
By Katie Sherwin.
“Flip-charts, post-its, markers, stickers, and even fake coins are
common ingredients in a UX toolkit. Though they may appear to be
frivolous art supplies, these materials serve a crucial role in
supporting team engagement, creativity, and focus.”
https://www.nngroup.com/videos/ux-not-arts-crafts/

[Section one ends.]

++ SECTION TWO:

+13: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?

Accessibility Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/accessibility.html

Association Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/associations.html

Book Listings.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/books.html

Cascading Style Sheets Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/css.html

Color Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/color.html

Drupal Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/drupal.html

Evaluation & Testing Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/testing.html

Event Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/events.html

HTML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/html.html

Information Architecture Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/architecture.html

JavaScript Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/javascript.html

Miscellaneous Web Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/misc.html

Navigation Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/navigation.html

PHP Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/php.html

Sites & Blogs Listing.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/sites.html

Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/standards.html

Tool Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/tools.html

Typography Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/type.html

Usability Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/usability.html

XML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/xml.html

[Section two ends.]

++END NOTES.

+ SUBSCRIPTION INFO.

WEB DESIGN UPDATE is available by subscription. For information on how
to subscribe and unsubscribe please visit:
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/webdev_listserv.html
The Web Design Reference Site also has a RSS 2.0 feed for site updates.

+ TEXT EMAIL NEWSLETTER (TEN).

As a navigation aid for screen readers we do our best to conform to
the accessible Text Email Newsletter (TEN) guidelines. Please let me
know if there is anything else we can do to make navigation easier.
For TEN guideline information please visit:
http://www.headstar.com/ten

+ SIGN OFF.

Until next time,

Laura L. Carlson
Information Technology Systems and Services
University of Minnesota Duluth
Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009
mailto:lcar…@d.umn.edu

[Issue ends.]

+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE. – Volume 17, Issue 42, April 11, 2019.

+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE.
– Volume 17, Issue 42, April 11, 2019.

An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web
design and development.

++ISSUE 42 CONTENTS.

SECTION ONE: New references.
What’s new at the Web Design Reference site?
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/
New links in these categories:

01: ACCESSIBILITY.
02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.
03: COLOR.
04: DRUPAL.
05: EVALUATION & TESTING.
06: EVENTS.
07: HTML.
08: JAVASCRIPT.
09: MISCELLANEOUS.
10: NAVIGATION.
11: TYPOGRAPHY.
12: USABILITY.

SECTION TWO:
13: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?

[Contents ends.]

++ SECTION ONE: New references.

+01: ACCESSIBILITY.

Accessibility for Vestibular Disorders: How My Temporary Disability
Changed My Perspective
By Facundo Corradini.
“Every time I encountered [parallax effects], I would put the bucket
beside me to good use and be forced to lie in bed for hours as I felt
the room spinning around me…”

Accessibility for Vestibular Disorders: How My Temporary Disability Changed My Perspective

1.4.13: Content on Hover or Focus
By Rakesh Paladugula.
“…People with low vision who depends on magnifier, those who have the
habit of using large cursor benefit from this success criterion.
Similarly people with low vision and cognitive challenges who need
more time to identify the additional content on the screen benefit
from this success criterion…”

1.4.13: Content on Hover or Focus

WCAG 2.1 in 7 Perspectives
By Cindy McCourt.
“…Making a website accessible isn’t just about code. It calls for a
high degree of awareness each time content is added. Maintenance and
auditing processes are essential to ensuring accessibility…”
https://www.prometsource.com/blog/wcag-21-7-perspectives?q=blog/wcag-21-summary-7-perspectives

Accessibility Lessons: Dealing with a Large Amount of Form Inputs
By Andy Sellick.
“…Finding one checkbox among hundreds isn’t a problem only for people
using a screen reader-it can be difficult for all of us…Although the
autocomplete looked like the better option, in the end a small change
to our original component suited our needs better…Although we’d spent
a lot of time integrating the autocomplete into our finders, it wasn’t
the best solution to our problem…”

Accessibility lessons: dealing with a large amount of form inputs

How You Can Allow Other People to Add Captions to Your YouTube Videos
By Deborah Edwards-Onoro.
“…Community contributions help you reach a wider audience through
captions and translations, without the cost of third-party captioning
services…”

How You Can Allow Other People to Add Captions to Your YouTube Videos

10 Website Accessibility Myths Debunked
By Rebecca Sentance.
“…a lot of myths and misunderstandings persist about what exactly
constitutes web accessibility, how necessary it is for individual
businesses, the benefits and how easy it is to carry out…”

10 website accessibility myths debunked

Making the Web More Accessible Using Machine Learning
By Laura Johnson.
“…Artificial intelligence and the advancements that machine learning
affords have massive potential in the accessibility arena. Of course,
there’s still a lot of research to be done, but the possibilities have
a great deal of potential and need to be explored…”
View at Medium.com

Top Tips for Publishing Accessible Written Content (Video)
By Sarah Florence.
April 4, 2019 Webinar and slides.
https://abilitynet.org.uk/news-blogs/top-tips-publishing-accessible-written-content

Takeaways from 2019 Digital Accessibility Trends with Tim Springer,
Founder of Level Access
By Deborah Edwards-Onoro.
“…Here are my notes from his talk…”

Takeaways from 2019 Digital Accessibility Trends with Tim Springer, Founder of Level Access

What the WebAIM Million Analysis Says About the Web You’re Building
By Charlie.
“Spoilers: Not good things…”
https://dev.to/forsh3y/what-the-webaim-million-analysis-says-about-the-web-you-re-building-2740

Caption10: Part 8, Voice (Video)
By Meryl K. Evans.
“…the eighth rule of the #Caption10 series on how to create great
captions is voice…”
https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6521065719247958017/

Legal Battle Over Captioning Continues
By Lindsay McKenzie.
“A legal dispute over video captions continues after court rejects
requests by MIT and Harvard University to dismiss lawsuits accusing
them of discriminating against deaf people…”
https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2019/04/08/mit-and-harvard-fail-get-out-video-captioning-court-case

Four-Year Court Battle Between Deaf Advocates and Harvard Over Closed
Captioning of Videos Proceeds to Discovery With Some Limitations
By Kristina M. Launey & Minh N. Vu.
“Four years and two motions to dismiss based on the pleadings later,
the National Association of the Deaf’s (NAD) online video captioning
lawsuit against Harvard is moving forward to fact discovery…”

Four-Year Court Battle Between Deaf Advocates and Harvard Over Closed Captioning of Videos Proceeds to Discovery With Some Limitations

+02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.

Designing Button Focus States for Better Usability
By Elizabeth Schafer.
“…buttons have more than one state. The default state we just created
looks good so far, but we need to make sure that it also looks
noticeably different when it’s focused…”
https://dev.to/elizabethschafer/designing-button-focus-states-for-better-usability-gm2

State of the Web: CSS Standardization (Video)
By Rick Viscomi.
“In this episode of the State of the Web, Rick Viscomi and Jen Simmons
(CSS Working Group, Mozilla) discuss the process of CSS
standardization and the evolution of how developers style the web…”

Digging Into The Display Property: The Two Values of Display
By Rachel Andrew.
“We talk a lot about Flexbox and CSS Grid Layout, but these layout
methods are essentially values of the CSS display property, a
workhorse of a property that doesn’t get a lot of attention. Rachel
Andrew takes a better look in a short series…”
https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2019/04/display-two-value/

Managing Z-Index In A Component-Based Web Application
By Pavel Pomerantsev.
“The z-index property, despite all that’s written about it, is still
widely misunderstood and mishandled. Stacking issues in a complex
single-page web application can become a major pain. Adhering to some
principles, however, we can easily avoid these issues…”
https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2019/04/z-index-component-based-web-application/

Print Styling, the 3 Basics
By Jens Oliver Meiert.
“Running start. Pretty much every website should have a usable print view…”
https://meiert.com/en/blog/print-styling-basics/

Grids All The Way Down
By Rachel Andrew.
Rachel’s April 2019 presentation materials from Frontend NE in
Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
https://noti.st/rachelandrew/g2qkOz/grids-all-the-way-down

+03: COLOR.

Color Accessibility: Tools and Resources to Help You Design Inclusive Products
By Stéphanie Walter.
“…all the resources, tips and tools I regularly use to build and check
the color accessibility of my products in one place. Enjoy…”

Color accessibility: tools and resources to help you design inclusive products

+04: DRUPAL.

Better Instructions for Your Drupal Content Types
By Cindy McCourt.
“…Not all forms are self-explanatory. Not all field purposes can be
easily deduced. Drupal provides several options for providing guidance
to your content authors, each with their own pros and cons…”
https://www.prometsource.com/blog/better-instructions-your-drupal-content-types

+05: EVALUATION & TESTING.

Should Usability Testers be Certified?
By Rolf Molich.
“…The real-world data I have shows that the practices of many
professional usability testers need review, formalization, and a
general tightening up. Since the teams I studied were professional, I
suggest that everyone can benefit from having their practices
reviewed.”
http://interactions.acm.org/blog/view/should-usability-testers-be-certified/

My Web Accessibility Testing Process
By Lindsey Kopacz.
“…My web accessibility testing process begins before I even start writing code…”
https://www.a11ywithlindsey.com/blog/web-accessibility-testing-process/

+06: EVENTS.

Common AI and Ethics Challenges and How to Solve Them
April 12, 2019.
Online
https://register.gotowebinar.com/register/8625742784466653185

Accessibility in Voice Experiences
April 18, 2019.
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.
https://www.meetup.com/en-AU/a11ychi/events/260326500/
Live stream:

Live captions:
http://www.streamtext.net/player?event=CDA

Evaluating Organizational Readiness for Accessibility
April 18, 2019.
Online
https://zoom.us/webinar/register/9615537904399/WN_qEOlZwuhSLGm7VwIZk2Bwg

Accessibility Camp Seattle
May 18, 2019.
Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.
https://accessibilitycampseattle.org/

Web Accessibility Summit
May 29, 2019.
Springfield, Missouri, U.S.A.

Web Accessibility Summit

TechAccessOK
June 6-7, 2019.
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, U.S.A.

TechAccessOK 2019

2019 Trends in Video Accessibility
June 13, 2019.
Online
https://go.3playmedia.com/wbn-06-13-2019-soc

+07: HTML.

Stop Using So Many divs! An Intro to Semantic HTML
By Ken Bellows.
“…

… works. I mean, mostly. It has the structure you need, and I’m
sure it’ll look the way you intend by the time you’re done styling it.
But it has some big problems…”
https://dev.to/kenbellows/stop-using-so-many-divs-an-intro-to-semantic-html-3i9i

AT-browser-tests
By Steve Faulkner.
“Collaboration with CA on mapping of HTML features Aural UI and how
these features are conveyed to users of AT…”
https://thepaciellogroup.github.io/AT-browser-tests/

HTML, CSS, and the Path to Accessible Web Design
By Jennifer Riggins.
“…when you consider the massive scale some websites can reach these
days, maybe it’s good to go back to the basics to make sure everyone
can access everything we build…”
https://thenewstack.io/html-css-and-the-path-to-accessible-web-design/

Native Image Lazy-Loading for the Web!
By Addy Osmani.
“In this post, we’ll look at the new loading attribute which brings
native and lazy-loading to the web…”
https://addyosmani.com/blog/lazy-loading/

Enforcing Accessibility Best Practices with Automatically-Generated ids
By Brad Frost.
“…What this means is that it’s impossible for users of the design
system to omit an important attribute and accidentally create an
inaccessible experience. This technique works well for any component
that needs to create an association between two or more ids…”

Enforcing Accessibility Best Practices with Automatically-Generated IDs

+08: JAVASCRIPT.

Announcing the Deobfuscating JavaScript White Paper
By Netsparker Security Team.
“The topic of this white paper is an example of how to deobfuscate
JavaScript code as it’s often used in phishing pages…”

Announcing the Deobfuscating JavaScript White Paper

You Probably Don’t Need that Hip Web Framework
By Owen Williams.
“I’ve discovered how many others have felt similarly, overwhelmed by
the choices we have as modern developers, always feeling like there’s
something we should be doing better.”
https://char.gd/blog/2019/you-dont-need-that-hipster-web-framework

+09: MISCELLANEOUS.

The Girl on the Train
By Erynn Brook.
“I’m waiting on kitty ultrasound results and trying to distract myself
a little bit so I’d like to tell you a story about something that
happened last night, in the hopes that I can process my feelings
around it…”

The Girl on the Train

W3C Doesn’t Help Its Invited Experts. It Should.
By Tobie Langel.
“Software foundations have increasingly started helping non-corporate
backed contributors with travel expenses. W3C has been lagging way
behind. Until last year, ‘invited experts’ – W3C jargon for individual
contributors-even had to pay to attend the technical conference in
which they come work for free. It’s time for change…”
View at Medium.com

+10: NAVIGATION.

HTML5 Landmarks Exposed
By Scott O’Hara.
“Landmarks can serve as important guideposts to a web document. They
allow people using screen readers, as well as those with certain
browser plug-ins, to be able to quickly navigate to important areas of
a page…”
https://www.scottohara.me/blog/2019/04/05/landmarks-exposed.html

Common Accessibility Issue: Moving to a Page Section Without Shifting
Keyboard Focus
By Christian Heilmann.
“…we can really make it hard for keyboard and screenreader users when
we forget to set the focus to the element we scrolled to. Just because
it is in the viewport, doesn’t mean the keyboard focus moved there…”
https://christianheilmann.com/2019/04/09/common-accessibility-issue-moving-to-a-page-section-without-shifting-keyboard-focus/

Journey Mapping: 9 Frequently Asked Questions
By Alita Joyce and Kate Kaplan.
“Journey maps are useful for building common ground in an
organization, but practitioners often have questions and
misunderstandings about their scope and how to create them.”
https://www.nngroup.com/articles/journey-mapping-faq/

+11: TYPOGRAPHY.

Down the Font Legibility Rabbit Hole (Hat tip to Jim Allan)
By Peter Vermaercke.
“While working on a recent project I was struggling with optimizing
the readability of the content in the interface. The product is a
safety-critical interface used in aviation with lots of codes in small
sizes. Good readability is crucial to make sure the users can do their
job well and with as little fatigue as possible…”
View at Medium.com

Public Sans
By United States Web Design System.
“A strong, neutral typeface for text or display.” (free and open source)
https://public-sans.digital.gov/

+12: USABILITY.

Privacy UX: Common Concerns And Privacy In Web Forms
By Vitaly Friedman.
“Web interfaces have become quite a character, haven’t they?
Self-indulgent, impolite, disrespectful and obsessed with user’s data.
In this series of articles, we’re looking into privacy UX patterns in
order to to make our interfaces better without leaving conversion
considerations behind…”
https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2019/04/privacy-concerns-ux-web-forms/

Is Aggressive Marketing Influencing the UX of AI Agents? (Video)
By Jakob Nielsen.
“Jakob Nielsen answers the question of how users’ perception of
artificial intelligence products and their user experience may be
impacted by the way these services are promoted by vendors.”
https://www.nngroup.com/videos/aggressive-marketing-ux-ai-agents/

[Section one ends.]

++ SECTION TWO:

+13: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?

Accessibility Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/accessibility.html

Association Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/associations.html

Book Listings.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/books.html

Cascading Style Sheets Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/css.html

Color Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/color.html

Drupal Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/drupal.html

Evaluation & Testing Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/testing.html

Event Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/events.html

HTML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/html.html

Information Architecture Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/architecture.html

JavaScript Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/javascript.html

Miscellaneous Web Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/misc.html

Navigation Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/navigation.html

PHP Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/php.html

Sites & Blogs Listing.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/sites.html

Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/standards.html

Tool Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/tools.html

Typography Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/type.html

Usability Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/usability.html

XML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/xml.html

[Section two ends.]

++END NOTES.

+ SUBSCRIPTION INFO.

WEB DESIGN UPDATE is available by subscription. For information on how
to subscribe and unsubscribe please visit:
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/webdev_listserv.html
The Web Design Reference Site also has a RSS 2.0 feed for site updates.

+ TEXT EMAIL NEWSLETTER (TEN).

As a navigation aid for screen readers we do our best to conform to
the accessible Text Email Newsletter (TEN) guidelines. Please let me
know if there is anything else we can do to make navigation easier.
For TEN guideline information please visit:
http://www.headstar.com/ten

+ SIGN OFF.

Until next time,

Laura L. Carlson
Information Technology Systems and Services
University of Minnesota Duluth
Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009
mailto:lcar…@d.umn.edu

[Issue ends.]

+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE. – Volume 17, Issue 41, April 2, 2019.

An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web
design and development.

++ISSUE 41 CONTENTS.

SECTION ONE: New references.
What’s new at the Web Design Reference site?
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/
New links in these categories:

01: ACCESSIBILITY.
02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.
03: DRUPAL.
04: EVALUATION & TESTING.
05: EVENTS.
06: JAVASCRIPT.
07: TOOLS.
08: TYPOGRAPHY.

SECTION TWO:
09: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?

[Contents ends.]

++ SECTION ONE: New references.

+01: ACCESSIBILITY.

Buttons vs. Links
By Kim Wee.
“Learn the difference and when to use them…”
https://mn.gov/mnit/media/blog/?id=38-376674

Do Plain Language
By Anne Sittner-Anderson.
“When fancy talk and shop talk are big don’ts…”
https://mn.gov/mnit/media/blog/?id=38-376673

Caption10: Part 3, Synchronized (Video)
By Meryl K. Evans.
https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6516713127088836608/

Caption10: Part 4, Size (Video)
By Meryl K. Evans.
https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6517078434668179457/

Caption10: Part 5, Position (Video)
By Meryl K. Evans.
https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6517359192297267200/

Caption10: Part 6, Indicating Sound (Video)
By Meryl K. Evans.
https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6518549881106292737

Checklist for Creating Accessible Videos
By Bureau of Internet Accessibility.
“An accessible video usually includes captions; a transcript; and
careful use of color, text, and flashes or animation. A video should
also be delivered in an accessible format with an accessible media
player, and may include additional audio description when the default
audio track isn’t sufficient…”
https://www.boia.org/blog/checklist-for-creating-accessible-videos

Using WCAG 2.1 (PDF)
By Alastair Campbell.
Alastair’s @A11y_Leed presentation slides.
https://alastairc.uk/presentations/wcag21/A11y-Leeds-WCAG21_2019-04-01.pdf
Article version:
https://www.nomensa.com/blog/2017/web-accessibility-guidelines-and-how-use-them

Best Chart Accessibility Practices
By Denis Kryukov.
“In this article, I will share with you the best chart accessibility
practices, and how you can practically create an effective
accessibility friendly charts.”

Chart accessibility best practices

The ‘Perilous Pitfalls’ of Accessibility Maturity
By Sheri Byrne-Haber.
“…This article is my take on the UX pitfalls identified in the HFI
article as applied to accessibility…”
View at Medium.com

Apple’s New Feature a Step Towards Digital Apartheid
By Hampus Sethfors.
“…I think it’s safe to say that Apple has some serious explanation to
do here. Both around the feature and the non-existent documentation
around it. Hopefully it’s just a mistake, wasn’t supposed to be rolled
out or something similar. Until that is confirmed though, I think it’s
time for the accessibility community to protest rather loudly.”

Apple’s new feature a step towards digital apartheid

Alexa 100 Accessibility Update #2
By Jared Smith.
“This analysis of the top 100 sites in 2011, 2017, and today suggest
that accessibility may be improving.”
https://webaim.org/blog/alexa-100-update-2/

+02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.

How To Align Things In CSS
By Rachel Andrew.
“There are a few ways to align elements in CSS. In this article,
Rachel Andrew explains what they are with some tips to help you
remember which to use and why…”
https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2019/03/css-alignment/

Breaking CSS Custom Properties Out of :root Might Be a Good Idea
By Kevin Powell.
“…In this article, we’ll be exploring: 1.) Why we put custom
properties on the :root to begin with. 2.) Why global scoping isn’t
right for everything. 3.) How to overcome class clashing with locally
scoped custom properties…”

Breaking CSS Custom Properties out of :root Might Be a Good Idea

+03: DRUPAL.

Drupal’s Angela Byron On Building A Diverse Community
By Caleb Kaiser.
“She has helped build one of the most welcoming communities in open
source that exists today…”
https://angel.co/blog/drupals-angela-byron-on-building-a-diverse-community

+04: EVALUATION & TESTING.

A Warning About Automated Accessibility ‘Warnings’
By Scott O’Hara.
“…just because a warning pops up, or your ‘accessibility score’
doesn’t reach a perfect 100%, you should still verify that these
warnings are actually issues to solve for…”
https://www.scottohara.me/blog/2019/03/26/a-warning-about-warnings.html

Think Like an Accessible UX Researcher Part 2: How Many Participants?
By David Sloan.
“This is the second in a series of posts looking at the advice
provided in the excellent book Think like a UX Researcher, by David
Travis and Philip Hodgson, from the perspective of involving people
with disabilities in UX research…”

Think like an accessible UX researcher part 2: How many participants?

Personas: Why is it Important to Understand Your Users?
By Keep It Usable.
“Personas are amazing! If you don’t have them or if you have them but
don’t use them (what a waste!) then you’re missing out on a whole host
of business benefits. Let’s have a quick look at these before we dive
more into what personas are and how they fit into the design process…”

Personas: Why is it important to understand your users?

+05: EVENTS.

What to Expect from an Accessibility Audit
April, 9, 2019.
Online
https://accessibility.deque.com/what-to-expect-from-an-accessibility-audit

A Complaint has been filed. Now What? Strategies for accessibility
remediation and prioritization for future compliance (American Library
Association)
April 24, 2019.
Online
https://ala-events.zoom.us/webinar/register/e88cdf3b18379889cde7dc3c8da9331e

A11y- Basic Web Accessibility
May 8, 2019.
Online

A11y- Basic Web Accessibility

Markup UK
June 7-9, 2019.
London, England, United Kingdom
https://markupuk.org/index.xhtml

integrATe 2019
June 17-21, 2019.
Online
https://sites.google.com/view/integrate2019

UX Australia
August 27-30, 2019.
Sydney, Australia
http://www.uxaustralia.com.au/conferences/ux-australia-2019

Smashing Magazine Conference
September 9-10, 2019.
Freiburg, Germany
https://smashingconf.com/freiburg-2019/

+06: JAVASCRIPT.

Responsible JavaScript: Part I
By Jeremy Wagner.
“The web is drowning in a sea of JavaScript, awash with unnecessary
bloat, inaccessible cruft, and unsustainable patterns. Jeremy Wagner
plots a course to navigate the JavaScript Sea responsibly by building
the right things the right way and using the web platform the way it
was meant to be used.”

Responsible JavaScript: Part I

Yet Another JavaScript Framework
By Jason Hoffman.
“…when a situation arises that is in full view and, ultimately,
preventable, is the proper course of action to try and pull the web
forward or to ensure that the web in its current form continues to
function even as technology advances? This only leads to more
questions. Who should be responsible for making these decisions?
Should every library be actively maintained in some way, ad infinitum,
even when best practices shift to anti-patterns? What is our
obligation, as developers, for sites we know have been abandoned? And,
most importantly, how can we best serve the many different users of
the web while still giving developers new programmatic tools? These
are the same questions that we continue to return to, and they have
been at the core of discussions like progressive enhancement,
responsive design and accessibility…”

Yet Another JavaScript Framework

+07: TOOLS.

All As
“Are your URLs too short? Lengthen your URLs conveniently and share
your links without ambiguity…”
http://aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa.com/

+08: TYPOGRAPHY.

Intro to Font Metrics
By Weston Thayer.
“Font files contain a wealth of information about a typeface. Whether
you’re a designer or a developer, learning more about how fonts work
can open new doors in how you work and what you create.…”
http://westonthayer.com/writing/intro-to-font-metrics/

[Section one ends.]

++ SECTION TWO:

+09: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?

Accessibility Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/accessibility.html

Association Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/associations.html

Book Listings.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/books.html

Cascading Style Sheets Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/css.html

Color Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/color.html

Drupal Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/drupal.html

Evaluation & Testing Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/testing.html

Event Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/events.html

HTML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/html.html

Information Architecture Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/architecture.html

JavaScript Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/javascript.html

Miscellaneous Web Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/misc.html

Navigation Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/navigation.html

PHP Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/php.html

Sites & Blogs Listing.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/sites.html

Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/standards.html

Tool Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/tools.html

Typography Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/type.html

Usability Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/usability.html

XML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/xml.html

[Section two ends.]

++END NOTES.

+ SUBSCRIPTION INFO.

WEB DESIGN UPDATE is available by subscription. For information on how
to subscribe and unsubscribe please visit:
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/webdev_listserv.html
The Web Design Reference Site also has a RSS 2.0 feed for site updates.

+ TEXT EMAIL NEWSLETTER (TEN).

As a navigation aid for screen readers we do our best to conform to
the accessible Text Email Newsletter (TEN) guidelines. Please let me
know if there is anything else we can do to make navigation easier.
For TEN guideline information please visit:
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+ SIGN OFF.

Until next time,

Laura L. Carlson
Information Technology Systems and Services
University of Minnesota Duluth
Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009
mailto:lcar…@d.umn.edu

[Issue ends.]

+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE. – Volume 17, Issue 40, March 28, 2019.

+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE.
– Volume 17, Issue 40, March 28, 2019.

An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web design and development.

++ISSUE 40 CONTENTS.

SECTION ONE: New references.
What’s new at the Web Design Reference site?
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/
New links in these categories:

01: ACCESSIBILITY.
02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.
03: EVALUATION & TESTING.
04: EVENTS.
05: HTML.
06: JAVASCRIPT.
07: MISCELLANEOUS.
08: NAVIGATION.
09: TOOLS.
10: TYPOGRAPHY.
11: USABILITY.
12: XML.

SECTION TWO:
13: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?

[Contents ends.]

++ SECTION ONE: New references.

+01: ACCESSIBILITY.

Under-Engineered Toggles
By Adrian Roselli.
“Toggle buttons feel like a favorite way for devs and designers to show off their animation, design, and pun skills…”

Under-Engineered Toggles

Reduced Position Sticky
By Scott O’Hara.
“Last night I added a reduced motion media query for the header of the primary content of my website. I am using position: sticky (and position: -webkit-sticky for Safari) to make the content obscure the header, on scroll…”
https://www.scottohara.me/note/2019/03/27/reduced-sticky.html

Caption10: Part 1, Readable
By Meryl K. Evans.
“…Four things factor into readability: Size Color, Background, Font…”
https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6515988072214073344

Caption10: Part 2, Accuracy
By Meryl K. Evans.
“…Great captions correctly capture everything that’s said word-for-word…”
https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:ugcPost:6516360826289475584/

Inclusive Forms: Anatomy of a (fictional) GOV.UK Service (Video)
By Oliver Byford.
“Working on the GOV.UK Design System has given Ollie a lot of opportunities to learn how to build accessible, inclusive government services.”

Leveling the Playing Field: We’re all Differently Abled
By Michael L. Hardman, Clifford J. Drew, and M. Winston Egan.
“…When we build a web site, we have the ability to create an environment which can provide equivalent access to information and resources to everybody – or we can create an environment which takes that access away.”

Leveling the Playing Field: We’re all Differently Abled

Websites & Accessibility: Invest in Education
By Rian Rietveld.
“…The majority of people, even clients, will judge a website by its cover. And that’s fine. Things start changing when you get someone who’s blind to use a website…”

Websites & accessibility: invest in education.

Dear Screen Reader Useres, Since Web developers Can’t Automatically Detect If You’re Using A Screen Reader, Why Don’t You Just Hand That Data Over, The Apple Edition
By Amanda Rush.
“This is just as bad of an idea as Google’s ‘ask-for-alt-text’ feature…”

Dear Screen Reader Users, Since Web Developers Can’t Automatically Detect If You’re Using A Screen Reader, Why Don’t You Just Hand That Data Over, The Apple Edition

Building Accessible Websites and Apps is a Moral Obligation
By Chris Ferdinandi.
“Let’s say there are two ways to frame a house. One of them is simpler and faster, but about 20% of the houses randomly collapse after a couple of years. But there’s a second approach, a bit slower, a bit more work, that keeps those houses standing for 100 years or more. Would you say the builder has a moral obligation to not build a house that’s going to collapse on people?…”
https://gomakethings.com/building-accessible-websites-and-apps-is-a-moral-obligation/

Accessibility Heuristics, V1.4 (PDF)
By Denis Boudreau.
“10 General Rules Of Thumb For Accessible Design”
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1QkURByXUk4NOtl7jw6VtyCUi4_JjlP6d/

W3C Strategic Highlights: Web for All (Web Accessibility)
By Amy van der Hiel.
“W3C ‘Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.1’, which became a W3C Recommendation in June, has been adopted for web content, electronic documents, and non-web software, such as native mobile applications by the three official European Standards Organizations, CEN, CENELEC, and ETSI…”

W3C Strategic Highlights: Web for All (Web Accessibility)

Why Using Wix and GoDaddy Increases Your Lawsuit Risk
By Sheri Byrne-Haber.
“…Businesses are NOT going to get accessible websites from either of Wix or Godaddy templates, and could end up in a lot of legal hot water if they are targeted by one of the drive-by lawsuit firms who are piling up those impressive lawsuit statistics…”
View at Medium.com

Lawsuits: Domino’s, Playboy Websites Aren’t Accessible to Blind Users
By Frank Witsil.
“In thousands of cases that are testing the limits of the law and cyberspace, businesses are increasingly facing lawsuits that contend their websites aren’t accessible to people who are blind and are in violation of federal disability mandates…”
https://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/2019/03/19/dominos-playboy-disability-ada-blind/2903564002/

Domino’s To Ask Supreme Court To Consider Whether ADA Website/Mobile App Accessibility Lawsuits Violate Due Process
By Minh N. Vu.
“…The request was filed by a newly-engaged Supreme Court specialist which further confirms our conclusion that a petition will be filed. Justice Kagan granted the request, and Domino’s Petition for Certiorari is due on June 14, 2019…”

Domino’s To Ask Supreme Court To Consider Whether ADA Website/Mobile App Accessibility Lawsuits Violate Due Process

+02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.

Building a Dependency-Free Site in 2019
By Michelle Barker.
“I re-built my personal site using just HTML, CSS and nothing else, just to see if that’s possible in 2019 and it turns out it totally is.”
https://css-irl.info/building-a-dependency-free-site/

Fit For Purpose: Making Sense of the New CSS (Video)
By Eric A. Meyer.
“If 2017 was the year of new CSS capabilities, 2018 was the year of trying to figure out what to do with them all…”

Planning for Responsive Images
By Chris Nwamba.
“The first time I made an image responsive, it was as simple as coding these four lines…”

Planning for Responsive Images

+03: EVALUATION & TESTING.

Think Like an Accessible UX Researcher, Part 1: Defining Your Research Problem
By David Sloan.
“…this is the first in a series of posts that will look at some specific topics covered by the book and how they might apply in a disability-focused research context…”

Think like an accessible UX researcher part 1: Defining your research problem

Persona Spectrums: Building for Inclusion and Accessibility
By Sarah Dzida.
“Recently, I attended a pilot workshop about inclusion…”

Persona Spectrums: Building for Inclusion and Accessibility

+04: EVENTS.

Dark Adventures in Mobile Accessibility
April 3, 2019.
Online.

XR Access
July 15-16, 2019.
New York, New York, U.S.A.
https://www.xraccess.org/

An Event Apart Washington DC
July 29-31, 2019.
Washington D.C., U.S.A.
https://aneventapart.com/event/washington-dc-2019

Leadership Exchange in Arts and Disability (LEAD®)
August 5-7, 2019.
Denver, Colorado, U.S.A.
http://education.kennedy-center.org/education/accessibility/lead/conference.html

That Conference
August 5-8, 2019.
Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin, U.S.A.
https://www.thatconference.com/

Digital Summit
August 14-15, 2019.
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A.

Home – Live Event

UX Australia
August 27-30, 2019.
Sydney, Australia
http://www.uxaustralia.com.au/conferences/ux-australia-2019

Paris Web
October 10-12, 2019.
Paris, France
https://www.paris-web.fr/

+05: HTML.

All About mailto: Links
By Chris Coyier.
“You can make a garden variety anchor link () open up a new email. Let’s take a little journey into this feature. It’s pretty easy to use, but as with anything web, there are lots of things to consider…”

All About mailto: Links

Using

for Menus and Dialogs is an Interesting Idea
By Chris Coyier
“…there is an HTML element that also does toggles!

! For example, it’s definitely the quickest way to build an accordion UI…”

Using <details> for Menus and Dialogs is an Interesting Idea

I Was Wrong About JavaScript-Free Dropdowns
By Chris Ferdinandi.
“…Scott explained to me that while those elements are perfectly valid for JavaScript-free accordions, they don’t work for dropdown menus…”
https://gomakethings.com/i-was-wrong-about-javascript-free-dropdowns/

HTML, CSS, and the Path to Accessible Web Design
By Jennifer Riggins.
“…when you consider the massive scale some websites can reach these days, maybe it’s good to go back to the basics to make sure everyone can access everything we build…”
https://thenewstack.io/html-css-and-the-path-to-accessible-web-design/

+06: JAVASCRIPT.

Accessibility Challenges in Web apps
By Marcus Herrmann.
“…Be very clear and transparent about the input options of your app. Remember that the visual representation of a user input is not enough…Be very clear and transparent about the output of your app, especially when it its not accompanied with a full page reload, and especially when the output happened after some user input…”
https://marcus.io/blog/a11y-challenges-of-webapps

Readability is More Important than Brevity
By Chris Ferdinandi.
“Often, web developers are obsessed with brevity. There’s this thing were developers will try to write the same function in the fewest number of characters possible. Personally, I think brevity is pointless…”
https://gomakethings.com/readability-is-more-important-than-brevity/

+07: MISCELLANEOUS.

The ‘Define’ Stage in Design Thinking
By Sarah Gibbons.
“User need statements, also called problem statements or point-of-view statements, are a powerful, fundamental tool for defining and aligning on the problem you are going to solve.”
https://www.nngroup.com/articles/user-need-statements/

Gutenberg and the Internet
By Steven Pemberton.
Steven Pemberton’s keynote presentation at the Gutenberg and the Internet at Media Art Festival includes: the printing press, the internet, Moore’s Law, and exponential growth.
https://homepages.cwi.nl/~steven/Talks/2018/12-01-mediaart/

A Note From Your Colleagues With Hearing Loss: Just Use a Microphone Already
By Jessie B. Ramey.
“Dear colleague: Today at the faculty meeting, I really wanted to tell you something: “It’s not about you.” When you were offered the microphone to make your comments, you said, “No thanks, I’m good.” But it’s not about how you feel using a microphone. It’s about how others can best hear…”
https://www.chronicle.com/article/a-note-from-your-colleagues/245916

Developing Empathy: The Importance of Digital Accessibility Workshops
By Robert Carr.
“Imagine this: you’re given a Ziploc bag filled with pieces of coloured paper of different shapes and sizes and 15 minutes to build something. What can you create?…”
View at Medium.com

+08: NAVIGATION.

Better Link Labels: 4Ss for Encouraging Clicks
By Kate Moran.
“Specific link text sets sincere expectations and fulfills them, and is substantial enough to stand alone while remaining succinct.”
https://www.nngroup.com/articles/better-link-labels/

+09: TOOLS.

Color.Review
By Anton Robsarve.
Find, test and explore accessible colors.
https://color.review/

Classic MS Paint, Revived
By Isaiah Odhner.
“A nice web-based MS Paint remake and more. …Try it out. …The goal is to remake MS Paint (including its little-known features), improve on it, and to extend the types of images it can edit. So far, it does this pretty well…”
https://github.com/1j01/jspaint

+10: TYPOGRAPHY.

All You Need to Know about Hyphenation in CSS
By Richard Rutter.
“…Hyphenation is a perfect example of progressive enhancement, so you can start applying the above…”
http://clagnut.com/blog/2395

Busting The Dyslexia Myth (Video)
By Alessia Nicotra and Bruno Maag.
“…doctor doctor I have dyslexia. I’m a typeface designer and I can cure dyslexia with a new design…”

+11: USABILITY.

Creating a UX Roadmap (Video)
By Anna Kaley.
“An effective UX roadmap can help teams maintain strategic direction, align with stakeholders, and prioritize ideas to respond to requests.”
https://www.nngroup.com/videos/creating-ux-roadmap/

+12: XML.

Invisible XML Specification (Draft)
By Steven Pemberton.
“This is the current state of the ixml base grammar; it is close to final…”
https://homepages.cwi.nl/~steven/ixml/ixml-specification.html

[Section one ends.]

++ SECTION TWO:

+13: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?

Accessibility Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/accessibility.html

Association Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/associations.html

Book Listings.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/books.html

Cascading Style Sheets Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/css.html

Color Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/color.html

Drupal Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/drupal.html

Evaluation & Testing Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/testing.html

Event Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/events.html

HTML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/html.html

Information Architecture Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/architecture.html

JavaScript Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/javascript.html

Miscellaneous Web Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/misc.html

Navigation Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/navigation.html

PHP Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/php.html

Sites & Blogs Listing.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/sites.html

Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/standards.html

Tool Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/tools.html

Typography Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/type.html

Usability Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/usability.html

XML Information.
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/xml.html

[Section two ends.]

++END NOTES.

+ SUBSCRIPTION INFO.

WEB DESIGN UPDATE is available by subscription. For information on how to subscribe and unsubscribe please visit:
http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/training/online/webdesign/webdev_listserv.html
The Web Design Reference Site also has a RSS 2.0 feed for site updates.

+ TEXT EMAIL NEWSLETTER (TEN).

As a navigation aid for screen readers we do our best to conform to the accessible Text Email Newsletter (TEN) guidelines. Please let me know if there is anything else we can do to make navigation easier. For TEN guideline information please visit:
http://www.headstar.com/ten

+ SIGN OFF.

Until next time,

Laura L. Carlson
Information Technology Systems and Services
University of Minnesota Duluth
Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009
mailto:lcar…@d.umn.edu

[Issue ends.]