[Environment] ENVIRONMENT: GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE : LAW: CASES : CHILDREN: Climate Change Litigation – The Children Win In Court

 

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ENVIRONMENT: GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE :

LAW: CASES :

CHILDREN:

Climate Change Litigation – The Children Win In Court

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Climate Change Litigation – The Children Win In Court

James Conca

Forbes

MAY 1, 2016 @ 06:00 AM

http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesconca/2016/05/01/ climate-change-litigation-the-children-win-in-court/#1753a3c75dfe

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/h5psfjg

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Against all odds, the 21 children, ages 8 to 19, who are suing the government to protect the environment against the harm of global warming in their future, have won in court.

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Again.

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In a surprise ruling on Friday from the bench in the ongoing climate case brought by these youths against the State of Washingtons Department of Ecology, King County Superior Court Judge Hollis Hill ordered the Department of Ecology to promulgate a carbon emissions reduction rule by the end of 2016 and make recommendations to the state legislature on science-based greenhouse gas reductions in the 2017 legislative session. Judge Hill also ordered the Department of Ecology to consult with the young plaintiffs in advance of that recommendation.

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The youths were forced back to court after the Department of Ecology unexpectedly withdrew the very rulemaking efforts to reduce carbon emissions that the agency told the judge it had underway in its previous court appearance, an interesting sleight-of-hand from a state agency.

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The lawsuit brought by the youths alleges that the Federal Government is violating the Plaintiffs constitutional and public trust rights by promoting the use of fossil FOSL -0.09% fuels. The Complaint explains that, for over fifty years, the United States Government and the Fossil Fuel Industry have known that carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels causes global warming and dangerous climate change, and that continuing to burn fossil fuels destabilizes the climate system.

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This case is one of several similar cases in federal district court in Oregon, and in the state courts of North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Colorado, and Massachusetts, all supported by Our Childrens Trust, seeking the legal right to a healthy atmosphere and stable climate.

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Championed by Professor Mary Christina Wood in the Law School at the University of Oregon under the idea of Atmospheric Trust Litigation, this and several similar lawsuits claim that a government elected by the people and for the people has a duty to protect the natural systems required for the peoples survival.

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According to Wood, if both the executive and legislative branches fail in that duty, then the judicial branch must intervene.

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Most importantly, the courts so far have unequivocally rejected all arguments raised by the Federal Government and the Fossil Fuel Industry in their Motions to Dismiss that seek to deny the youth their fundamental rights under the constitution and public trust doctrine, and claimed that the government has no duty to protect essential natural resources, such as air and oceans.

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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 – 4584
jwne@temple.edu
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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[Educator-Gold] POLITICS ELECTIONS AND ELECTION CAMPAIGNS: CANDIDATES : UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY : INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM : LIBERTARIANISM : RACISM : BIGOTRY : EXTREMISM : HATE GROUPS : INTOLERANCE : WAR ON WOMEN : WAR ON IMMIGRANTS : PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES: NAMED PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES: TED CRUZ, DONALD TRUMP: Why Republicans are Very, Very Likely to Lose the Presidency in 2016

 

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POLITICS ELECTIONS AND ELECTION CAMPAIGNS: CANDIDATES :

UNITED STATES: POLITICS: POLITICAL PARTIES: REPUBLICAN PARTY, TEA PARTY :

INDUSTRIES: PETROLEUM :

LIBERTARIANISM :

RACISM :

BIGOTRY :

EXTREMISM :

HATE GROUPS :

INTOLERANCE :

WAR ON WOMEN :

WAR ON IMMIGRANTS :

PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES:
NAMED PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES: TED CRUZ, DONALD TRUMP:

Why Republicans are Very, Very Likely to Lose the Presidency in 2016

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Why Republicans are Very, Very Likely to Lose the Presidency in 2016

Updated by Lee Drutman

April 5, 2016, 2:30 p.m. ET

Vox

http://www.vox.com/polyarchy/2016/4/5/11370102/republicans-lose-2016

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Every now and then in American politics, political parties enter their presidential nominating conventions deeply, deeply divided. And when they are deeply divided, they lose.

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Conventions, rather than being coronations, turn into battles between rival factions, each with a legitimate hope that it will somehow come away from the convention with its candidate as the nominee. But in the end, the party can only choose one nominee, and thus only one faction can win. That means the other faction goes home dejected and angry. Some of them will vote for another candidate. Some won’t vote at all.

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This is the Republicans’ problem in 2016. At this point in the game, it’s increasingly clear the Republican’s July convention will be a barnburner of fights to rival the most bitter of conventions, with wounds that will probably take years, not months or weeks, to heal. And whomever the delegates ultimately choose, there is no consensus candidate left. The divisions have grown too deep.

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What history tells us: Divided conventions produce general election losers

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Depending on how you count it, since 1900 one party has been much more deeply divided than the other party between seven and 10 times. In a few of those years, both parties were at least somewhat divided. But in all 10 elections, the party that was more deeply split lost the general election.

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Each election is obviously different. But looking across the elections, two general patterns emerge.

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First, an internal fight is almost always a sign of deeper party weakness. Fights emerge either because the party is deeply split between two or more internal factions or because the leading nominee (sometimes the incumbent) is already weakened, and others see an opportunity. Either way, it’s bad news for that party in the general election.

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Second, conventions don’t heal divisions. In the bitter fight over the nomination, nobody comes out looking particularly good. If one faction wins, the other loses. And that means voters who are so angry and disappointed that they’re either going to stay home or vote for a third party (divided major parties often invite third-party opportunists). They might even vote for the opposing party.

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Maybe history will be different this time. But it seems unlikely.

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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 – 4584
jwne@temple.edu
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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[SportMed] MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY : COUNTRIES: CHINA: Across China: Obesity on Rise in Rural China: Study

 

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MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY :

COUNTRIES: CHINA:

Across China: Obesity on Rise in Rural China: Study

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Across China: Obesity on Rise in Rural China: Study

Source: Xinhua

2016-04-30 22:24:47

English.News.cn

Press Release

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2016-04/30/c_135325701.htm

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JINAN, April 30 (Xinhua) — A new study has highlighted rising obesity rates among children in rural China.

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The study, published in the latest issue of the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, found children and adolescents in the countryside of Shandong Province to be much fatter in 2014 than they were in 1985.

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It was based on a survey tracking nearly 28,000 students from rural schools in Shandong, a predominantly agricultural area, over the 29 years.

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The students were aged from seven to 18 when they were surveyed.

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Some 17.2 percent of the boys surveyed in 2014 were obese, while the rate was only 0.03 percent in 1985, according to the thesis.

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The obesity rate among girls was 9.11 percent in 2014, while in 1985, the percentage was 0.12 percent.

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Meanwhile, the proportions of overweight boys and girls climbed to 16.35 percent and 13.91 percent respectively in 2014. In 1985, the proportions were 0.74 percent and 1.45 percent, said Zhang Yingxiu, one of the co-authors of the thesis.

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He said the increase was even more apparent among children aged from seven to 12.

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The study used a cut-off of Body Mass Index (BMI) — the ratio of weight-to-height squared — to define overweight and obesity. A BMI of between 24 and 27.9 was defined as overweight and a BMI at or above 28 was considered obese.

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The authors attributed the growing obesity rate to the country’s social and economic development, as well as lifestyle changes that had led to excessive energy intake and lack of physical exercise among youngsters.

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“Compared with their parents’ generation, today’s rural children are better fed but spend far less time on physical exercises,” said Zhao Jinshan, co-author of the thesis and a nutritionist with the Shandong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

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The phenomenon is typical among “left-behind children,” those who are left in the care of relatives by parents who are busy working in faraway cities.

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Cai Shibi, who looks after 20 left-behind children in her village in southwest China’s Chongqing Municipality, said at least five of the kids were obese, though their families were not necessarily rich.

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One school boy in her care is 110 cm tall but weighs 55 kg. “His parents work far from home and his grandparents spoil him by stuffing him with tasty food,” said Cai.

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Unlike their parents who ran around having fun and staying fit, many rural children today are couch potatoes, said Zhao.

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On the other hand, compared with urbanites, who tend to pay more attention to their dietary balance, most rural residents still prefer meat to vegetables and eat too much salty, oily food, said Zhao. “Dietary habits are a complicated social issue, and rural society needs to enter a certain stage of development for its people to realize the importance of a balanced diet.”

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Doctors warn that child obesity can lead to hypertension, diabetes and even cardiovascular diseases.

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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 – 4584
jwne@temple.edu
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
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